Economic migration and free movement
The information on this page is not entirely up to date. We're working on an update.
Since 1 July 2014, according to the 6th state reform, regions are the main force behind economic migration policy. They oversee the regulation, implementation process, evaluation, and issuing of type A and B work permits in addition to business cards.
Which responsibilities remain federal? Everything concerning residence for working migrants is in the hands of the federal authorities. They are also responsible for work permit regulation around certain residential circumstances (this mostly concerns type C work permits).
Work Permits for Third Country Nationals
Third country nationals seeking salaried professions in Belgium must request a work permit:
- The Type A Work Permit lasts an unlimited time and is valid for all salaried jobs. A type A permit can only be obtained after having worked for several years with a type B permit.
- The Type B Work Permit lasts a maximum of 12 months and is only valid for a specific employer. Employers may hire the worker before they arrive in Belgium. In this circumstance, the right to work facilitates the right to residence.
- The Type C Work Permit is valid for a maximum of 12 months and is not limited to a specific employer. Requests are to be made in Belgium. In the case of this work permit, the right to residence (for example as an asylum seeker) facilitates the right to work.
2020 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
In its annual report entitled Behind closed doors Myria hightlights the need to raise awareness on the exploitation of domestic workers, the special attention that needs to be paid to diplomatic domestic staff and the COVID-19 aspect.
Myriadoc 10: Belgium, on the road to the United Kingdom
In this publication, Myria focusses on transit migration, and specifically on transit migrants who want to get to the United Kingdom.
2019 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Justice for human trafficking victims has a long way to go. With its annual report, Myria wants to contribute to their empowerment and has put together concrete recommendations for the attention of public authorities.
[Brochure] Family reunification with beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium
This brochure explains the family reunification procedure for beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium. The latest update is from autumn 2019
Socio-demographic profile and socio-economic careers of people granted international protection in Belgium, 2001-2014
What is the socio-demographic profile and the socio-economic careers of people who obtained a status of international protection in Belgium? The Belgian Contactpoint of the European Migration Network (EMN) publishes a study on labour market participation of beneficiaries of international protection. The research was done by the demographic research centre DEMO (UCLouvain) in cooperation with Myria.
2018 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Myria, the National independent rapporteur on human trafficking assesses in its latest report the detection, reception and support of child victims of human trafficking. According to the findings of Myria Nigerian minors are a particularly vulnerable group.