Shelters for victims
Myria oversees the group of three specialized reception centres for victims of human trafficking: Payoke (Anvers), PAG-ASA (Brussels) and Sürya (Liège). We organize regular consultation meetings and, if necessary, we ask the relevant authorities to intervene in finding a solution to problems that arise.
In Belgium, the federal government, communities, and regions subsidize three centres that specialize in the reception of human trafficking victims. These are Pag-Asa in Brussels, Sürya in Liège, and Payoke in Anvers.
Belgium has opted for a multi-disciplinary approach as part of its efforts to combat human trafficking. In addition to suppressing the perpetrators, special attention is also given to victims. The majority of victims are discovered by police officers during checks, who send them on to specialized centres. They are also discovered by social services, prosecution services, work auditors, and the Immigration Office. Members of public can contact the relevant centres through these services.
Shelters and Out-Patient Support
Often the victim has nowhere to sleep other than the place where they were exploited, or another place where their safety is at risk. This is why centres linked to shelters have secret addresses where the victims can stay for a limited period. They are then supported as out-patients. If they do not need to stay in a shelter, they automatically receive support as an out-patient.
Shelters and the multifaceted teams that run them (educators, social workers, criminologists…) provide a three-pronged plan:
1. Psychological and Medical Aid
The goal is to help the victims to overcome their past experiences and the trauma they have suffered, to enable them to regain control of their current lives as best they can, and to help them develop realistic plans for the future. This requires the victim to enroll in language classes, vocational training, or to look for a job.
2. Administrative Support
This support principally consists of requesting documents detailing their status as a human trafficking victim: expulsion order (45 days leeway), certificate of registration (3 months, with the possibility of extension), enrolment certificate for the foreign register (6 months, with the possibility of extension) and regularization. If the victim wishes to return to their country of origin, the centre will contact the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to arrange their voluntary return. If necessary, family members present or local organizations are contacted.
3. Legal Assistance
The centres’ aim is to ensure the victim’s rights and interests are protected during the legal procedure that determines the details of their trafficking, meanwhile informing them and offering them help from a lawyer. This equips them to make an informed decision on whether or not to lodge a complaint. Shelters can also make a complaint, either in their own name or on behalf of the victim.
These centres are not structurally designed for minors. As a result, minors are registered with centres for foreign unaccompanied minors/victims of trafficking such as Esperanto in Wallonia, Juna in Flanders, or Minor N’Dako in Brussels. These centres ensure that the minors are accomodated and given legal and administrative support. Since 2002, they have put in place a “mentor” system, which assigns a mentor to each unaccompanied minor. The mentor is responsible for protecting the minor and holding their best interests at heart.
Myriadoc 10: Belgium, on the road to the United Kingdom
In this publication, Myria focusses on transit migration, and specifically on transit migrants who want to get to the United Kingdom.
2019 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Justice for human trafficking victims has a long way to go. With its annual report, Myria wants to contribute to their empowerment and has put together concrete recommendations for the attention of public authorities.
[Brochure] Family reunification with beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium
This brochure explains the family reunification procedure for beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium. The latest update is from autumn 2019
Socio-demographic profile and socio-economic careers of people granted international protection in Belgium, 2001-2014
What is the socio-demographic profile and the socio-economic careers of people who obtained a status of international protection in Belgium? The Belgian Contactpoint of the European Migration Network (EMN) publishes a study on labour market participation of beneficiaries of international protection. The research was done by the demographic research centre DEMO (UCLouvain) in cooperation with Myria.
2018 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Myria, the National independent rapporteur on human trafficking assesses in its latest report the detection, reception and support of child victims of human trafficking. According to the findings of Myria Nigerian minors are a particularly vulnerable group.
Priority to the best interests of the child: checklist
Myria presents the list below as a tool to better enable decision-makers and practitioners to consider the best interests of the child, and jurisdictions to better identify and take action against any possible shortcomings.