A multidisciplinary approach
In fighting human trafficking and smuggling, Belgium has opted for a multidisciplinary approach. The Interdepartmental Coordination Unit for the Fight against Trafficking and Smuggling in Human Beings manifests this approach. It brings together all the relevant actors and coordinates policy. The unit coordinates policy in the field at a national level. It is chaired by the Minister for Justice.
In each judicial district specialized judges are designated at lower court prosecutor and work auditor level as well as at public prosecutor and general auditor level (Courts of Appeal). These judges are responsible for managing and following studies on human trafficking and smuggling within their jurisdiction. They also act as a point of contact for other participants (other liaison judges, police, reception centres, Immigration Offices,...).
Federal Prosecutor Attourney
The prosecution’s responsibility extends to the whole country. One of the priorities assigned by the federal legislator is the fight against trafficking and smuggling of human beings, both at a national and international level. At a national level, the intervention of the federal attourney aims to facilitate the circulation and exchange of information between different prosecutors, magistrates, and police services concerned in cases of trafficking or smuggling. It can also centralize several records in a singular prosecutor or one sole magistrate. This aim is essential, given that human trafficking and smuggling are generally cross-border crimes.
College of Public Prosecutors
The College of Public Prosecutors ensures the coherent implementation and coordination of criminal policy determined by the directives of the Ministry of Justice. Specific tasks have been given to each of the five public prosecutors. Smuggling has thus been entrusted to the public prosecutor of Liege, who is assisted by a network, presided over by one of the public lawyers, that specializes in human trafficking and smuggling.
Criminal Policy Service
This service assists the Minister of Justice as well as the College of Public Prosecutors in developing criminal policy around the subject of human smuggling and trafficking. For this reason, the criminal policy service participates in the work of the Interdepartmental Coordination Unit. It also chairs the board of this unit and chairs the management committee of the Centre for Information on and the Analysis of Smuggling and Trafficking of Human Beings. The service is also tasked by the Minister of Justice draft the government report on this subject once every two years. The report collects the initiatives of the various ministerial departments implicated in the fight against trafficking and smuggling in human beings that have started up over the two years together in one document.
2020 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
In its annual report entitled Behind closed doors Myria hightlights the need to raise awareness on the exploitation of domestic workers, the special attention that needs to be paid to diplomatic domestic staff and the COVID-19 aspect.
Myriadoc 10: Belgium, on the road to the United Kingdom
In this publication, Myria focusses on transit migration, and specifically on transit migrants who want to get to the United Kingdom.
2019 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Justice for human trafficking victims has a long way to go. With its annual report, Myria wants to contribute to their empowerment and has put together concrete recommendations for the attention of public authorities.
[Brochure] Family reunification with beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium
This brochure explains the family reunification procedure for beneficiaries of international protection in Belgium. The latest update is from autumn 2019
Socio-demographic profile and socio-economic careers of people granted international protection in Belgium, 2001-2014
What is the socio-demographic profile and the socio-economic careers of people who obtained a status of international protection in Belgium? The Belgian Contactpoint of the European Migration Network (EMN) publishes a study on labour market participation of beneficiaries of international protection. The research was done by the demographic research centre DEMO (UCLouvain) in cooperation with Myria.
2018 Annual report trafficking and smuggling of human beings
Myria, the National independent rapporteur on human trafficking assesses in its latest report the detection, reception and support of child victims of human trafficking. According to the findings of Myria Nigerian minors are a particularly vulnerable group.